What does a dermatologist do? If you’re interested in a career in dermatology, here’s what you need to know. We will answer a few frequently asked questions about this profession.
A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating skin problems. But that’s not all they do! Dermatologists can also perform cosmetic procedures like laser hair removal and Botox injections. Read on to learn the answer to a question: what does a dermatologist do?
What Does a Dermatologist Do? Job Description
What does a dermatologist do as a healthcare specialist? A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating skin issues. Dermatologists can diagnose and treat more than 3,000 conditions like acne, eczema, psoriasis, warts, and other conditions that affect skin. Some dermatologists also specialize in cosmetic treatments that improve the appearance of the skin, such as Botox injections for wrinkles or laser surgery to remove sun spots or excess hair.
Most dermatologists work in doctors’ offices and clinic settings, but some also have their own private practices. Some are employed by hospitals or universities as researchers or educators. Dermatologists are board certified, which means they have completed an extensive education program and passed rigorous exams to demonstrate their knowledge of both medicine and skin diseases.
Common Conditions Treated by Dermatologists
What does a dermatologist do? What types of diseases do they teat? Dermatology is the field of medicine that deals with conditions related to the skin and its associated structures. Some common skin conditions that are treated by dermatologists include:
- acne and acne scarring;
- dry skin;
- skin cancer;
- wound healing;
- tattoo removals;
- hair loss;
- scars and lesions;
- fungal infections of the skin and mucous membranes;
- cosmetic issues, like wrinkles;
- hair and nails problems.
What Does a Dermatologist Do? Therapies and Treatments
What does a dermatologist do to help patients? Here are just a few of the therapies and treatments that you may encounter as a dermatologist:
- Laser therapy: it uses focused beams of light to target specific structures within the skin, such as blood vessels or pigment-producing cells. It is often used for conditions like psoriasis and even certain types of cancer.
- Cryosurgery: this involves freezing off cancerous or precancerous lesions with the use of liquid nitrogen. It is most commonly used for conditions like actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma.
- Chemical peels: it is applying an acidic solution to the skin in order to remove some of the outer layers and reveal new skin underneath. It is most commonly used for conditions like acne and scarring, but it can also improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Skin grafting: this involves removing damaged skin from one part of the body, such as a burn or ulcer, and transplanting it to another area. It may be required for very severe cases of skin damage.
- Cosmetic procedures: as a dermatologist, you may also be involved in performing various types of cosmetic procedures, such as Botox injections and laser hair removal.
- Biopsy: during a biopsy, some tissue is removed from the affected area so that it can be examined under a microscope to discover cancer cells.
- Mohs surgery for skin cancer: it is a surgical procedure performed to remove skin cancer. The surgeon removes the cancerous tissue along with a margin of healthy tissue to ensure that all of the cancer cells are removed.
How to Start a Career in Dermatology
If you are interested in becoming a dermatologist, you will need to complete a four-year undergraduate degree, followed by four years of medical school. After completing medical school, you will then need to complete a three-year residency in dermatology. Once you have completed your training, you will be eligible to take the American Board of Dermatology examination.
If you are interested in pursuing a career in cosmetic dermatology, you may want to consider completing a fellowship after your residency. Fellowships typically last one to two years and provide training in advanced procedures such as laser surgery and injectable fillers.
Specializations in Dermatology
What does a dermatologist do when it comes to their specialization? There are several different types of specializations within the field of dermatology. One type of specialization is cosmetic dermatology. Cosmetic dermatologists provide services such as Botox injections, dermal fillers, laser hair removal, and microdermabrasion. Another type of specialization is pediatric dermatology. Pediatric dermatologists diagnose and treat chronic skin conditions such as birthmarks, eczema, acne, and skin cancer in children.
Surgical dermatologists specialize in performing surgeries such as laser surgery or Mohs micrographic surgery to treat skin conditions like basal cell carcinoma. There are also dermatologists who specialize in treating certain skin conditions, or mole removals.
Dermatologist Job Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the demand for dermatologists is expected to increase more than the average when compared with other healthcare occupations. This growth can be attributed partially to an aging population that will develop more skin cancers and other dermatological issues. In addition, the growing popularity of cosmetic procedures such as Botox and laser hair removal will continue to drive demand for dermatologists.
If you are interested in becoming a dermatologist, it is important to be aware of the educational requirements and responsibilities for dermatologists. They are a first line of defense against serious skin disorders like skin cancer.
When Is a Good Time to See a Dermatologist?
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best time to see a dermatologist may vary depending on each individual’s unique situation. However, some general tips that may help include seeing a dermatologist if you have any new or unusual skin changes, are concerned about a mole or other growth, have persistent or unexplained itching, or need to have a mole checked for skin cancer.
Adult patients should also see a dermatologist if they notice any unusual symptoms in their child’s skin such as new rashes, red and scaly patches, or spots that bleed easily. And lastly, it is always recommended to schedule regular follow-up appointments with a dermatologist, especially after you have had any kind of skin cancer. What does a dermatologist do? Now you know that dermatologists treat conditions that affect your skin. Don’t forget to do your skin check regularly. Thanks for reading!